----Important note on Indirect Assessment Questions--------
These questions are designed to take your "first response", that is, what first comes to mind when you read the question. Over-thinking the questions tends to make the results less reliable. Also, please note that when we ask about personality matters, the English language often uses the same words for describing personality as it does for moral matters. For example, "self-centered" can be a personality factor - a person who by personality is more aware of their needs than those of others. But the same word, "self-centered" can also refer to a moral trait of intentionally choosing actions to one's own advantage even knowing that the action is the hurt of others.
----PAS Indirect Assessment Inventory-----------
Select which part of the Indirect Assessment Inventory you wish to start (or resume).
Note: For a discussion of the meaning of "primitive", "compensation" (basic level), and "modification" (contact level), see this brief description of the PAS model.